Provitamin A carotenoid content of unripe and ripe banana cultivars for potential adoption in eastern Africa

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TitleProvitamin A carotenoid content of unripe and ripe banana cultivars for potential adoption in eastern Africa
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsEkesa B, Nabuuma D, Blomme G, Van den Bergh I
JournalJournal of Food Composition and Analysis

Changes in concentrations and retention of provitamin A carotenoids during ripening of eight non-indigenous banana (Musa spp.) cultivars on trial for possible adoption in eastern Africa were established through high performance liquid chromatography analysis. Predominant provitamin A carotenoids were all-trans-β- and α-carotene, together constituting about 90% of total provitamin A carotenoids content. Mean total provitamin A carotenoids ranged from 560 to 4680 μg/100 g fw) in unripe fruit and from 1680 to 10630 μg/100 g fw) in ripe fruit. All cultivars showed significantly higher provitamin A carotenoid levels than popular local cultivars of the same genomic group and type. Cultivars' retinol activity equivalent (RAE) values when ripe ranged from 106 to 713 μg/100 g fw, indicating that 100 g of ripe 'Lahi', 'Apantu', 'Bira', 'To'o', 'Sepi' and 'HungTu' fruit contain enough provitamin A carotenoids to meet >100% of the dietary reference intakes (DRIs) of a child under 5 years of age, and between 15% and 102% for a woman of reproductive age. Although further studies need to be carried out to establish retention following processing and bioavailability, these findings can guide consumer consumption patterns to maximize vitamin A intake in banana-dependent regions and direct researchers in selecting banana cultivars that help prevent vitamin A deficiency.

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Showing 12 of 12 accessions
Accession Name Pictures Accession number Species / Group SubSpecies / SubGroup Origin Collection Available for distribution
Bira ITC0945 AAB Unknown Papua New Guinea ITC
Pelipita ITC0472 ABB Unknown Philippines ITC
Lai ITC0403 AAA subgr. Red Unknown ITC
To'o ITC1004 AA Unknown Papua New Guinea ITC
Chibulangombe ITC0138 AAA subgr. Mutika/Lujugira Unknown ITC
Sepi ITC0849 AA Unknown Papua New Guinea ITC
Hung Tu ITC0601 AA Unknown Papua New Guinea ITC
Papat Wung ITC0904 AA Unknown Papua New Guinea ITC
Apantu ITC0223 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
ITC1230 AA Unknown Unknown ITC
Mai'a popo'ulu lahilahi
ITC1171 AAB subgr. Maia Maoli/Popoulu Unknown ITC
ITC0033 AAB subgr. Plantain Indonesia ITC
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