Variability of carotenoids in a Musa germplasm collection and implications for provitamin A biofortification

TitleVariability of carotenoids in a Musa germplasm collection and implications for provitamin A biofortification
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAmah D, Alamu E, Adesokan M, van Biljon A, Maziya-dixon B, Swennen R, Labuschagne M
JournalFood Chemistry: X
Pagination100024
Abstract

Bananas are important staples in tropical and sub-tropical regions and their potential as a source of provitamin A has recently attracted attention for biofortification. A collection of 189 banana genotypes (AAB-plantains, M. acuminata cultivars and bred hybrids) was screened to determine variability in fruit pulp provitamin A carotenoid (pVAC) content using high performance liquid chromatography. Total carotenoid content in tested genotypes varied from 1.45 µg/g for hybrid 25447-S7 R2P8 to 36.21 µg/g for M. acuminata cultivar ITC.0601 Hung Tu with a mean of 8.00 µg/g fresh weight. Predominant carotenoids identified were α-carotene (38.67%), trans-β-carotene (22.08%), lutein (22.08%), 13-cis-β-carotene (14.45%) and 9-cis-β-carotene (2.92%), indicating that about 78% of the carotenoids in bananas are pVAC. High pVAC genotypes were identified for integration into biofortification strategies to combat vitamin A deficiency in developing countries.

DOI10.1016/j.fochx.2019.100024
Showing 40 of 58 accessions
Accession Name Pictures Accession number Species / Group SubSpecies / SubGroup Origin Collection Available for distribution
Orishele ITC0517 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Obubit Ntanga green mutant ITC0519 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Atali Kiogo ITC0208 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Obino l'Ewai ITC0109 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Curare Enano ITC0559 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Ihitisim ITC0121 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Bise Egome 2 ITC0209 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Apantu ITC0223 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Niangafelo ITC0044 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Big Ebanga ITC1129 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Nselouka ITC0511 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Nazika ITC0028 AAB subgr. Plantain Congo (Brazzaville) ITC
Agbagba ITC0111 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Three Hand Planty
ITC0185 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Didiedi
ITC0041 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Hartón Maqueo
ITC0628 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Dominico Hartón Rojo
ITC0630 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Plátano Hartón
ITC0645 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Baka
ITC0098 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Tshambunu
ITC0128 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Msisa
ITC0142 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Red Plantain Hembra
ITC0324 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Wine Plantain
ITC0325 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Mimi Abue
ITC0489 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Bo-ahiu Abue
ITC0965 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Essang
ITC0015 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Gabon 2
ITC0017 AAB subgr. Plantain Gabon ITC
Mbirinyong
ITC0233 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Obubit Ukom
ITC0235 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Ngok Egome
ITC0236 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Okoyo Ukom
ITC0515 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Eberedia Ukom
ITC0516 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Abomienu
ITC0229 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Moungeli
ITC0103 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Niabang
ITC0203 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Apem Pa
ITC0219 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Zue Ekon
ITC0389 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Ovang
ITC0964 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC
Diby 2
ITC0054 AAB subgr. Plantain Ivory Coast ITC
Bobby Tannap
ITC0112 AAB subgr. Plantain Unknown ITC

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