Ultrastructural changes and the distribution of arabinogalactan proteins during somatic embryogenesis of banana (Musa spp. AAA cv. 'Yueyoukang 1').

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TitleUltrastructural changes and the distribution of arabinogalactan proteins during somatic embryogenesis of banana (Musa spp. AAA cv. 'Yueyoukang 1').
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsPan X, Yang X, Lin G, Zou R, Chen H, Samaj J, Xu C
JournalPhysiol Plant
Date Published2011 Aug
KeywordsCell Wall, Epitopes, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Microscopy, Electron, Transmission, Mucoproteins, Musa, Plant Proteins, Plant Somatic Embryogenesis Techniques

<p>A better understanding of somatic embryogenesis in banana (Musa spp.) may provide a practical way to improve regeneration of banana plants. In this study, we applied scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to visualize the ultrastructural changes during somatic embryogenesis of banana (Musa AAA cv. 'Yueyoukang 1'). We also used histological and immunohistochemical techniques with 16 monoclonal antibodies to study the spatial distribution and cellular/subcellular localization of different arabinogalactan protein (AGP) components of the cell wall during somatic embryogenesis. Histological study with periodic acid-Schiff staining documented diverse embryogenic stages from embryogenic cells (ECs) to the late embryos. SEM revealed a mesh-like structure on the surface of proembryos which represented an early structural marker of somatic embryogenesis. TEM showed that ECs were rich in juvenile mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi stacks. Cells in proembryos and early globular embryos resembled ECs, but they were more vacuolated, showed more regular nuclei and slightly more developed organelles. Immunocytochemical study revealed that the signal of most AGP epitopes was stronger in starch-rich cells when compared with typical ECs. The main AGP component in the extracellular matrix surface network of banana proembryos was the MAC204 epitope. Later, AGP immunolabelling patterns varied with the developmental stages of the embryos. These results about developmental regulation of AGP epitopes along with developmental changes in the ultrastructure of cells are providing new insights into the somatic embryogenesis of banana.</p>

Alternate JournalPhysiol Plant
PubMed ID21496030
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Accession Name Pictures Accession number Species / Group SubSpecies / SubGroup Origin Collection Available for distribution
Yueyoukang no.1
IFTR0036 AAA subgr. Cavendish Unknown IFTR/GDAAS